Peru is knownfor its legendary cultural legacy, captivating the visitor with its beautiful archeological sites. During pre-Hispanic times, several cultures with advanced skills in agriculture, pictorial arts and organizational systems settled the territory. Although many modern Peruvians have left the highlands and the jungle for the cities, a high percentage of the Peruvian population remains indigenous. That is, they have kept their traditions that make Peruvian folklore diverse and rich.
During the colonial period, the cities were planned according to the Spanish tradition. Churches, municipalities, museums and houses were built, some of which are still preserved; some of the most interesting places are Arequipa, Lima and Cusco. The cities are full of life, sometimes chaotic and noisy, while the small towns are appealing and timeless. The capital, Lima, contains the majority of the population (8 million according to the last census) and is a microcosm of the whole country. Modernity and underdevelopment, exclusiveness and misery, beauty and anarchy are seen in everyday life. Jugglers, street vendors and beggars are part of the city scene.
Contemporary art unfolds in several expressions, though plastic arts (such as sculpture, carving, pottery, and weaving) are the most widespread.In Lima you’ll find film festivals, theater, opera, modern and classical dance, rock, jazz, and classical music concerts, as well as salsa and numerous art galleries, all expressing the multiple faces of the country.
Religion is an important aspect of Peru. Catholicism is the leading religion, though there are others as well. Numerous religious celebrations are held throughout the country during the whole year, but particularly at Easter. The indigenous population is mainly Catholic and has also kept some religious traditions of their own culture.